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canada goose clearance sale HuffPost’s Canada Goose Outlet April 2016 report investigated the tactics of End Citizens United, a political action canada goose black friday sale committee founded buy canada goose jacket cheap by three former staffers at the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, the party’s official organ dedicated to electing Democrats to the House of Representatives. ECU, which worked to elect Democratic candidates who support campaign finance reform, used aggressive and expansive email campaigns to rake in millions of dollars in online donations. The PAC’s pushy tactics angered other nonprofits working toward campaign finance reform, which canada goose outlet came to think of the PAC as an arm of the Democratic Party stealing their donors with deceptive email marketing. The contractor paid each of the workers 20 cents to click on stories and sites that portrayed the PAC positively, bumping those stories up in Google at the expense of critical canada goose clearance sale coverage. HuffPost’s storydropped from the second place on the first page of the Google search to the second buy canada goose jacket page of search results. canada goose clearance sale

canada goose store End Citizens United did not respond to HuffPost’s request for comment before publication. canada goose store

buy canada goose jacket Although microjob campaigns to influence search engine results for product reviews are somewhat common, it’s Canada Goose Jackets unusual to see one targeting news coverage, explained James Caverlee, an associate professor at Texas A University. buy canada goose jacket

canadian goose canada goose deals jacket End Citizens United has never disclosed a payment to Microworkers or any other microwork platform. It probably doesn’t have to. If the PAC is behind the effort to downgrade negative search results, it likely hid the payment as an expense made through a contractor to a subvendor. canadian goose jacket

uk canada goose The lack of disclosure of subvendors is rampant in digital political consulting, and allowed by the Federal Election Commission. In fact, disclosures for digital spending are, “almost worthless,” according to the magazine Campaigns Elections. uk canada goose

buy canada goose jacket cheap Campaigns usually report paying consulting firms without further explanation for what that money was actually spent on. The consulting firm can then spend that money to advertise on Facebook, Google or Twitter, pay design and production firms or, potentially, pay microwork sites to manipulate search results. buy canada goose jacket cheap

uk canada goose outlet When Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign paid the research firm Fusion GPS to hire ex British spy Christopher Steele to collect information on Donald Trump’s alleged ties to Russia, it did not report the payment. Instead, the payment was routed through Perkins Coie, the Clinton campaign’s law firm, and described solely as “legal services.” This payment has been challenged in a complaint canada goose by the Campaign Legal Center, a watchdog nonprofit cheap Canada Goose group. uk canada goose outlet

canada goose uk outlet A federal appeals court in May upheld the convictions of three former Ron Paul presidential canada goose clearance campaign operatives for illegally concealing a payment for an important endorsement from a state Canada Goose online senator as a subvendor expense in Canada Goose Parka the Paul campaign’s expenditure report. The campaign paid Kent Sorensen, an Iowa canadian goose jacket state senator, for his endorsement by treating him as a subvendor for the audiovisual contractor listed in the campaign’s disclosures. Sorensen and two Paul campaign aides were convicted of using a false description in the campaign’s disclosure reports. canada goose uk outlet

cheap canada goose uk Although the court that upheld the Paul operatives’ convictions frowned on the FEC’s unclear rules for when it’s permissible to not disclose subvendor payments, the FEC has not enacted any new guidance on this question, allowing campaigns and PACs to keep subvendor payments under wraps for the foreseeable future. cheap canada canada goose store goose uk

Canada Goose online Whoever paid for the campaign to manipulate ECU search canada goose coats results could have hidden their activities by recruiting workers through a private group on an online platform or by organizing the campaign offline, rather than a public platform like Microworkers. Canada Goose online

canada goose uk shop “Any political group using Microworkers is dumb, Canada Goose sale since we can track the activity by monitoring Microworkers,” Caverlee said. “Smarter groups would do everything offline or in private groups where we can’t observe their traces.” canada goose uk shop.

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