How the First World War upended Canada

Canada Goose Outlet The legacy of the First World War will be omnipresent when Canadians stop on Sunday the 100th anniversary of the end of the War to End All Wars to pay tribute to canada goose coats on sale those who sacrificed for the country and its way of life. Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose uk shop There will be the red poppies pinned to lapels, and the haunting words of In Flanders Field, penned by Lt. Col. John McCrae after the Second Battle of Ypres. canada goose uk shop

cheap buy canada goose jacket canada goose uk There will be the National War Memorial, originally built to commemorate the 60,000 Canadians who died during the war, and Remembrance Day itself, which has been recognized every Nov. 11 the day the Great War ended since 1931. cheap canada goose uk

canada goose coats Yet the enduring impact is felt in countless other ways as well, many of them subtle and not all of them positive, despite the popular refrain that Canada came into its own as a country during the First World War. canada goose coats

That because while the war ushered in many changes as the country pulled together during those four bloody years in a way it never had before, it also created deep divides and challenges some of which remain today.

“The war enhances divisions between French and English, between east and west, between rural and urban. It tends to exacerbate canada goose clearance sale and divide based on income and inequality,” says historian Mark Humphries of Wilfrid Laurier University.

“So these are kind of the lasting cheap Canada Goose legacies for Canadians.”

No event was more divisive or politically transformative than the introduction of conscription. It was the issue upon which the December 1917 federal election was fought and broke the country along both linguistic and geographic lines.

buy canada goose jacket cheap French Canadians were deeply angry at being forced to fight a war they didn believe in, while many rural Canadians and union workers felt betrayed after the government broke its promise during the election to canada goose outlet exempt them and their sons. buy canada goose jacket cheap

buy canada goose jacket Mixed into the equation was a great deal of disillusionment as companies made huge profits off the war, even as average workers struggled with low pay and returning veterans faced difficulty finding work or accessing services and benefits. buy canada goose jacket

canada goose uk black friday Canada Goose online The result was a rise in Quebec nationalism the first independence motion was introduced in Quebec national assembly in 1919 and the death of the two party system as new federal and provincial parties espousing progressive canada goose agendas were born. canada goose uk black friday

Canada Goose online “They all took form as a result of the events buy canada goose jacket cheap that took place in the First World War, and we live with them still. There are five or six parties in the House of Commons and we will never again, I suspect, have a two party system.” Canada Goose online

uk canada goose outlet The emergence of new political parties was only one change in Ottawa as the federal government also took on a more prominent role in Canadians lives than ever before and in ways that continue today. uk canada goose outlet

cheap Canada Goose That included the introduction of a “temporary” income tax to help pay for the war, which by 1918 had left the government around $2 billion in debt not counting the money that would eventually be needed to support the returning veterans. cheap Canada Goose Jackets Canada Goose

Both the income tax and veterans support would foreshadow the federal government eventual and longstanding role in providing Canada Goose Outlet various social services and benefits to Canadians.

canada goose clearance “The government that develops in the war, looking primarily after the welfare of soldiers families, what develops out of this is a much stronger state,” says University of Toronto historian John English. canada goose clearance

Canada Goose Online “And income tax gave government the funds that canada goose clearance allowed it to expand more fully in the social welfare direction. So income tax in that sense was a very progressive reform and made possible what came afterwards.” Canada Goose Online

canada goose clearance sale Another side effect of the war was the rapid industrialization of Canada economy. Factories canada goose store had already started to pop up, but the need to mass produce everything from clothing to artillery shells to aircraft and ships pushed things along faster. canada goose clearance sale

While thousands of women entered the workforce to help at those factories, their numbers largely returned to pre war levels Canada Goose Parka afterward. More substantially, women specifically those related to soldiers were allowed to vote in 1917 for the first time.

canada goose coats on sale The reason was quite political: the government Canada Goose sale believed those canadian goose jacket women were more likely to support conscription. Yet while the canada goose black friday sale motivations may have been suspect, the long term impact is now evident. canada goose coats on sale

The result was that despite short term disillusionment, the war had a canada goose coats great equalizing effect on many aspects of Canadian society, as women got the right to vote, workers demanded better rights and wages and Canadians railed against graft and corruption.

“People were dying for the country and they believed they should come home to a land that was a fairer one, that had better distribution of wealth and that wealth and privilege were not gained by birth but rather by service,” English says.

While it didn happen overnight, English believes there was over the long run “an economic democratizing aspect to the war, and also an overall democratizing element to it.”

Many Canadians understand the First World War as the birth of modern Canada, as the country took more ownership over its own affairs and demanded and was given respect for the price it paid at Vimy, Passchendaele and other battlefields.

Canada Goose Jackets But, says Canadian War Museum historian Tim Cook, there is no denying that with the conscription crisis and the schisms it brought, there was a cost to Canada coming into its own as a country. Canada Goose Jackets

“It was a war that nearly broke us as we were stepping out onto the world stage. As we are signing the treaty of Versailles, as we are becoming a part of the League of Nations, we are a broken country.

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